Objective: To compare physical activity levels and dietary habits of rural to urban migrants in Turkey. Materials and Methods: Rural to urban adult migrants who live in Istanbul were recruited to take part in this project. Data collection was carried out in 2018 and a total of 80 migrants were included (53 women and 27 men). This project used two questionnaires, the Short Form of International Physical Activity Questionnaire (SF-IPAQ) and a Short Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ). People were selected through advertising in social media for making questionnaires. Statistical analyses were performed using IBM SPSS Statistics 24.0. Comparisons of dietary habits and physical activity levels before and after migration were done using Friedman Test. Results and Conclusions: Statistically significant differences were observed in the following food groups: dairy products (P<0.01) and meat products (P<0.04) where consumption has decreased as a result of urbanization. However, some food groups did not present a statistically significant difference including the bread and grains, drinks, desserts and other products. Nonetheless, the concurrent analysis of the results of all food groups was analysed and the analysis was statistically significant (P<0.01) with migration. Furthermore, according to responses of participants for IPAQ questionnaire, physical activity levels have decreased significantly with migration to urban areas (P<0.01). Moreover, according to the result of this study, the participants are living in Istanbul have more sedentary life. Therefore, these results showed that migration changed the dietary habits and physical activity situation. Thus, migrants may educate about physical activity and dietary habits with programs.
Anahtar Kelimeler: Migration, Urbanization, Dietary Habits, Physical Activity