Objective: Recent studies suggest that smoking exposure in childhood period might be a risk agent for overweight and obesity of children. We examined associations between paternal smoking exposure and children's weight. We evaluated that possible obesogenic effects of paternal smoking.
Materials and Methods: The present study was designed as a cross sectional analysis of a survey. A 31 question survey was administered to fathers learning to nutrition and smoking habits in Turkey from January to March 2020. A 25 question survey was administered to children learning to diet. Participants were classified as body mass index results. Smoking status in fathers was also recorded. The data were analyzed using SPSS 21.
Results: The research group consisted of 342 participants (168 fathers, Mage=41,75±8,34 years and 174 child, Mage=11.66±4.66). In this study, children, in ≤1 ages group 2% were underweight, 0.7% normal, %0.7 obese. In 1-4 ages group 5.9% were underweight, 1.3% normal, 0.7% obese. In 5-8 ages group 10.5% were underweight, 5.2% normal, 1.3% overweight. In 9-12 ages 15% were underweight, %7.2 normal, %2.6 overweight. In 13-16 ages 7.2% underweight, 20.9% normal, 3.9% overweight. In >17 ages group 3.3% were underweight, 9.2 normal, 1.3% overweight and 1.3% obese. According to results, the relationship between childs age and body mass index was significant (x2<0.05). Our results show that the relationship between paternal smoke exposure and body mass index was nonsignificant (x2>0.05).
Conclusion: This is the seminal study analysis that paternal smoking exposure and childs BMI in Turkey. Further studies are needed to investigate smoking exposure and childhood obesity.
Anahtar Kelimeler: Obesity, obesogens, smoking, smoking toxicity, tobacco products